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Companion Planting

For companion planting to work well, you have to forget conventional separate flowerbeds and kitchen gardens, and combine your vegetables and flowers.

This table shows which herbs to plant where. Some keep pests away from surrounding plants, because their scent acts as a deterrent to certain insects and attracts others. Others enrich the soil and help to bring minerals and nutrients to the surface.

HERB WHERE WHY
Borage Near strawberries and tomatoes Attracts bees, which help to improve crop yield by pollinating plants
Chamomile Near sick plants Acts as a tonic and encourages growth.
Comfrey Flower borders and vegetable garden. Tap roots bring minerals to the surface of the soil.
Dill and Fennel Amongst vegetables Attracts hoverflies, which then eat aphids.
Garlic and Chives Under roses Keeps away aphids and black spot
Nasturtium Amongst vegetables Attracts aphids away from the vegetables. Also repels ants and whitefly.
Sage Amongst cabbages Repels cabbage white butterfly
Summer Savoury Amongst vegetables and roses Deters blackfly
Tagetes (African & French Marigolds) Amongst tomatoes and vegetables Deters aphids and whitefly through scent and by attracting hoverflies. Roots secrete chemicals which kill ground elder and bindwood. The root also stops eelworm from recognising their host plants, which include potatoes, tulips and roses.
Valerian Amongst vegetables Stimulates earthworms which helps to boost plant growth.
Wormwood, Hyssop and Rue Vegetable gardens and flower borders Acts as insect deterrents.

Eve Morgan